What Do Black Spots On My Dogs Skin Mean?
This page contains affiliate links. We may earn money or products from the companies mentioned in this post through our independently chosen links, which earn us a commission. Learn More
Black spots on your dogs’ skin can mean a lot of things. Sometimes these spots are a reaction to an underlying condition. Other times they may be a symptom of a more serious condition and it is important to get a proper diagnosis.
Causes of Black Spots on Your Dog’s Skin
Black spots on a dog’s skin can be caused by a variety of things starting with what they look like and what symptoms are involved. Sometimes, the spots maybe a result of skin trauma caused by scratching or injury.
When an affected area goes through the process of skin repair, there will be an increased production of melanin to protect the superficial skin layers. Skin cells that are producing more melanin than normal will result in skin darkening.
However, there are several reasons for these black spots such as:
- Pigment changes in the skin, such as age or hormonal changes
- Trauma or injury, which can cause the formation of scabs or scar tissue
- Bacterial or fungal infections, which can cause dark discoloration of the skin
- Allergic reactions, which can cause itching and scratching, leading to the formation of dark spots
- Ticks or fleas, which can leave behind dark fecal matter on the skin
- Certain medical conditions, such as Cushing’s disease or hypothyroidism can also cause black spots on the skin.
When You Should be Concerned About your Dog’s Black Spots
You should be concerned about your dog’s black spots if they are accompanied with itching or scratching, which can indicate an allergic reaction or parasite infestation. This may also accompany redness or inflammation, which can also be a sign of an infection or irritation from allergies. You will also want to watch for crusting or bleeding, which can indicate a more serious skin condition or infection.
Loss of hair or hair thinning on your dog may indicate a hormonal or nutritional imbalance. If you start to notice a change in your dogs behavior or appetite the condition maybe serious.
Black spots usually appear on the dog’s belly, groin area, and hind legs. It’s mostly easier to spot in hairless dogs or breeds with white coats. Either way it is important to keep an eye on any newly discovered spots. A change in the size or shape of the black spots, can indicate a growing or spreading of what ever underlying condition causing them.
It’s also important that if a black spot ends up actually being a tick or flea it should be removed immediately, as they can carry diseases.
Skin Conditions that Cause Black Spots on Dogs
Not all black spots are caused by skin conditions but if you have ruled out everything else then it maybe time to looks at the spot itself. Some common skin conditions that can cause black spots on a dog’s skin include:
- Melanoma – A type of skin cancer that can appear as a dark, irregularly shaped spot on the skin
- Pyoderma – A bacterial skin infection that can cause red, crusty, or black spots on the skin
- Fungal infections – Such as ringworm, which can cause circular, scaly, or black spots on the skin
- Alopecia X – A condition characterized by hair loss, black spots and dark skin pigmentation on the dog’s skin
- Acral Lick Granuloma – A condition caused by persistent licking, which can cause black spots to form on the skin
- Demodicosis – A condition caused by a mite infestation, which can cause dark, scaly spots on the skin.
Treatment of Black Spots On Dogs
Treatment for black spots on a dog’s skin will depend on the underlying cause of the condition.
Some general treatment options would be topical or oral antibiotics for bacterial infections or oral antifungal medications for fungal infections. Special shampoos or medicated baths can usually be used in conjunction with these other treatments.
Steroids or antihistamines are often prescribed for allergic reactions.
Surgery or radiation therapy is recommended for tumors, whether they are malignant or benign and display a lump.
Parasite control products, such as flea and tick preventatives, for parasite infestations should be done if any are found on your dog regardless of accompanying skin problems. It is also important to keep your dog’s skin clean, this will help prevent further problems.
Whatever the cause of the spots and the treatment prescribed, it’s going to take some time for that skin to get back to normal. Even once the skin seems to be healing, it will still take a while for that pigmented skin to turn into lighter colored skin.
Black Spots On Dog’s Skin With Hair Loss
Black spots on a dog’s skin with hair loss can be caused by Alopecia X which is a condition characterized by hair loss, black spots, and dark skin pigmentation. This is usually seen on the legs, ears, and tail of the dog. Fungal infections such as ringworm, can cause circular, scaly, or black spots on the skin and hair loss.
Often times dogs will display demodicosis, a condition caused by a mite infestation, which can cause dark, scaly spots on the skin and hair loss.
Autoimmune disorders are also a problem in some dog breeds. This can cause hair loss and black spots on the skin, as the body’s immune system attacks the hair follicles.
In order to determine the type of issue your dog is having with hair loss your vet may recommend a skin scraping or fungal culture to diagnose fungal infections, a blood test to check for autoimmune disorders and skin biopsy to check for any malignancy.
How to Prevent Hyperpigmentation & Black Spots in Dogs
While you can’t stop them completely there are several simple ways that may slow the process of your dog developing black spots. These are things that you should be doing for your dog already which starts with simply keeping your dog’s skin clean and well-groomed. Regular bathing and grooming will help prevent skin infections and irritations that can lead to hyperpigmentation.
The second most important thing is to control fleas and ticks. Preventing flea and tick infestations can help prevent the formation of black fecal spots on your dog’s skin.
Always provide a balanced diet that is well-balanced in terms of nutrients and will help maintain the overall health of his skin.
Many people do not consider it but it is important to protect your dog from sun exposure. Dogs with light-colored or thin hair coats are more susceptible to sunburn and skin cancer, so it’s important to keep them out of direct sunlight during peak hours and you can use pet friendly sunscreens on dogs.
Getting regular check ups are important as well. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent any skin condition from getting worse and causing further complications.
The black spots on your dog, are in most cases, harmless. If they are not accompanied with signs of irritation and only affect the fur with no significant changes to the underlying skin then there is usually no cause for concern. However you should be concerned and speak to your vet if the skin seems irritated and other symptoms appear.
Be vigilant with your dog’s skin and if you notice any new spots or changes in the size or shape of existing spots, it is important to have your pup see a veterinarian as soon as possible.